Discrete Trial Training (DTT):
The therapy involves breaking down complex skills into smaller, more manageable steps, teaching each step systematically, and then combining the steps to form a complex behavior. Discrete trial teaching is particularly useful for teaching academic and self-care skills.
Naturalistic Teaching (NTA):
The therapy involves teaching skills in natural settings, such as during play or daily routines. Naturalistic teaching focuses on promoting social interactions, communication, and problem-solving skills. This approach is less structured than discrete trial teaching and is more focused on learning through natural interactions.
Pivotal Response Therapy (PRT):
The therapy focuses on teaching pivotal skills, such as motivation, self-management, and self-initiation, which can have a broad impact on other areas of development. Pivotal response training uses naturalistic teaching methods and is less structured than discrete trial teaching.
Early Start Denver Model (ESDM):
An early intervention program for children with or at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between the ages of 12 and 48 months. It is based on the principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) and uses a naturalistic developmental approach to promote positive developmental outcomes. The ESDM focuses on building social communication, play, and cognitive skills and involves parent involvement and coaching to promote generalization of skills to the child’s natural environment.
Verbal Behavior Therapy (VB):
The therapy focuses on developing communication skills, including expressive language, receptive language, and social language. Verbal behavior therapy is based on the principles of operant conditioning and uses positive reinforcement to teach new communication skills.